4 November 1944: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
8 November 1944: XIII Corps.
11 November 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached for operations to the
British XXX Corps, British Second Army, British 21st Army Group.
23 November 1944: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
20 December 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the XVIII (Abn) Corps
of First Army, itself attached to the British 21st Army Group.
20 December 1944: VII Corps.
22 December 1944: VII Corps, First Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th
18 January 1945: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
23 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps.
3 February 1945: XIII Corps, Ninth Army (attached to British 21st Army Group), 12th
4 April 1945: XIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
World War II:
The 84th Infantry Division was activated on 15 October 1942. It embarked (went overseas)
on 20 September 1944. It arrived in the United Kingdom on 1 October 1944, and trained.
Holland and Germany
It landed on Omaha Beach, 1–4 November 1944, and moved to the vicinity of Gulpen,
the Netherlands, 5–12 November. The Division entered combat, 18 November, with an
attack on Geilenkirchen, Germany, as part of the larger offensive in the Roer Valley,
north of Aachen. Taking Geilenkirchen, as part of Operation Clipper on 19 November,
the Division pushed forward to take Beeck (Geilenkirchen) and Lindern in the face
of heavy enemy resistance, 29 November.
Belgium and back in Germany
After a short rest, the Division returned to the fight, taking Wurm and Würm (Geilenkirchen),
Mullendorf, 18 December, before moving to Belgium to help stem the German winter
offensive.Battling in snow, sleet, and rain, the Division threw off German attacks,
recaptured Verdenne, 24–28 December, took Beffe and Devantave, 4–6 January 1945,
and seized Laroche, 11 January. By 16 January, the Bulge had been reduced.
After a 5-day respite, the 84th resumed the offensive, taking Gouvy and Beho. On
7 February, the Division assumed responsibility for the Roer River zone, between
Linnich and Himmerich, and trained for the river crossing. On 23 February 1945, the
Division cut across the Roer, took Boisheim and Dülken, 1 March, crossed the Niers
Canal on 2 March, took Krefeld, 3 March, and reached the Rhine by 5 March. The Division
trained along the west bank of the river in March.
After crossing the Rhine, 1 April, the Division drove from Lembeck toward Bielefeld
in conjunction with the 5th Armored Division, crossing the Weser River to capture
Hanover, 10 April. By 13 April, the Division had reached the Elbe, and halted its
advance, patrolling along the river. The Russians were contacted at Balow, 2 May
The Division remained on occupation duty in Germany after VE-day, returning to the
United States on 19 January 1946 for demobilization. It was formally redesignated
a reserve formation on 21 January 1946.
Campaigns: Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 170.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 7.
Awards: Distinguished Service Cross (United States)-12 ; Distinguished Service Medal
(United States)-1 ; Silver Star-555; LM-4; SM-27 ; BSM-2,962 ; AM-59.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. John H. Hilldring (October 1942 – February 1943), Maj. Gen.
Stonewall Jackson (February–October 1943), Maj. Gen. Robert B. McClure (October 1943
– March 1944), Maj. Gen. Roscoe B. Woodruff (March–June 1944), Maj. Gen. Alexander
R. Bolling (June 1944 to 1946).